Nowadays, people are suffering from several mental illnesses because along with all the innovations are tons of stressors that disturb the peace of our minds, resulting in mental health problems.People should be aware that they need help with these conditions. Anxiety and depression are widespread issues that we face,but sadly, only a few are paying attention. Why? It’s because people think these conditions will pass, but no, they won’t. They need proper treatment including correct medications.
From the beginning, we all know that medicines play an important role in treating medical conditions as they are dealing with the composition of the human body. Experts spent several years of study to help in discovering treatments for medical problems that we face including mental health illnesses.
What Are Common Psychiatric Drugs And What Is Their Contribution To Mental Health?
Antidepressant drugs are commonly used to treat depression. Usually, the general physician prescribes this for mild depression. The patient will then be under observation as the doctor will need to know if it is improving the condition. The doctor will then increase the dosage if the situation does not improve, or he may also opt to prescribe a different antidepressant. If the depression does not improve with only the medication, the doctor may also need to prescribe therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy. “CBT is a relatively brief, skills-focused treatment that has been shown to be effective for a wide variety of mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, anger, social skills deficits, and relational problems.” Shelby Harris, PsyD, CBSM explains.
Antipsychotic drugs are for the short-term treatment of bipolar disorder. They help in managing the symptoms of acute mania or severe depression such as delusions and hallucinations. Antipsychotics help in regulating the normal function of the brain. They affectmood, thinking, and perception. They could also improve manic episodes rapidly, making them very useful in managing the symptoms of bipolar depression. But remember, “Some patients with bipolar disorder may have trouble complying with medication and/or dealing with the consequences of the disorder.” says Simon Rego, PsyD.
Anxiolytic drugs are for the prevention and treatment of anxiety disorders. The effectiveness of this drug is rather quick, and for that, it may cause a patient to be dependent. It is not advisable for patients who have a history of substance abuse as the effectscould be quite addictive. It is also not suggestedforlong-term use.
Mood stabilizers are helpful in the management of mood disorders frequently associated with bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, or schizoaffective disorder. As the name implies, they are useful in dealing with the “mood swings” and prevent manic and depressive episodes.
“Sleep helps your brain work properly. While you’re sleeping, your brain processes complex stimuli.” Staci Lee Schnell, MS, CS, LMFT said. Sedatives or sleeping pills help in reducing brain activity causing drowsiness. It results to the patient sleeping and relaxing that’s why it is called sleeping pills. The effect of this drug is somewhat addictive as it gives the feeling of relaxation that’s why it is not advisable for patients to take it for an extended period.
Stimulants are useful in treating mental health conditions such as attention-deficit disorder and narcolepsy. It helps stimulate cell signals and improve psychological processes in the brain and throughout the body as well. It helps in dopamine release. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter responsible for the transmission of signals between the cells of the brain.
Acquiring these drugs needs a prescription from a doctor as they have adverse effects when misused. It could result in uncontrollable emotions, sleep disorders, sexual disorders, and more. Also, medications have a direct impact on the chemical composition of the body making it dangerous to take them without professional advice.
Psychiatric medications are beneficial in the treatment of mental health illnesses, and people should be aware of it. Awareness is necessary to disprove beliefs and fear about mental health drugs and the stigma surrounding psychiatric help. Yes, psychiatric medications can be dangerous if not taken correctly, and that’s why there are doctors who dedicate their lives to helping us with our battle against medical health conditions including mental health.